The export value of agriculture, forestry and fishery in 2013 was more than $ 27 billion , up slightly from 2012, while the value of imports of this sector reached nearly $ 19 billion , up from last year . This year witnessed a sharp decline in both volume and value of many major agricultural commodities .
The latest report from the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development , said exports of forestry, fisheries December estimated $ 2.31 billion , bringing the sector’s export value in 2013 to 27.469 billion U.S. dollars , an increase of 0 , 7 % compared with 2012.
In particular , the export value of major agricultural commodities is estimated at 13.1 billion dollars , down 11.9 % compared with 2012 ; seafood export value of 6.7 billion U.S. dollars , up 10.1 % ; price exports of primary commodities and forest products was estimated at 5.65 billion, up 15.1 % .
The value of imports of agricultural , forestry and fisheries in 2013 was estimated at 18.84 the billion, up 13.1 % compared with 2012. Thus, agricultural trade surplus of USD 8,629 billion this year .
Many key agricultural commodities such as rice and coffee sharp decline in volume and export value .
First to mention the rice . Rice export volume is estimated at 12 396 tonnes , with a value of U.S. $ 204 million put rice export volume in 2013 is estimated at 6.61 million tons , and $ 2.95 billion , down 17.4 % in volume and decreased by 19.7 % in value compared with 2012.
The average export price of rice first 11 months of 2013 reached 441.2 USD / ton , down 3.4 % compared to the same period in 2012. China is still the largest rice exporter in Vietnam . The volume of rice exports to this market in the first 11 months of strong growth , reaching over 2 million tons with a value of USD 849.36 million , accounting for 30.93 % of total exports . Compared with last year , the volume and value of rice exports to the Chinese market increased respectively by 2.74 % and 6.22 %.
Coffee exports fell even more sharply than exports of rice . The volume of coffee exports in December 2013 was estimated at 156 thousand tons , with a value of U.S. $ 284 million bringing coffee export volume in 2013 is estimated at 1.32 million tons and 2.75 billion U.S. dollars , down 23.6 % in volume and 25.1 % in value compared with 2012.
The export price of coffee first 11 months of 2013 reached $ 2,113.8 / ton , down 0.73 % compared to the same period in 2012. Germany and the United States continues to be the market two largest consumers of coffee in Vietnam in the first 11 months of the year with market share of respectively 13.12 % and 11.01 % .
Rubber goods export volumes increased , but prices fell sharply, exports decrease. Estimated volume of rubber exports in December reached 126 thousand tons with a value of $ 309 million , with the estimated 2013 rubber exports reached 1,078 thousand tonnes valued at USD 2.52 billion , up 5.3 % in volume but decreased by 11.6 % in value compared with 2012.
Rubber export price first 11 months of 2013 reached $ 2,332.5 / ton , down 17.19 % compared with prices $ 2,817.2 / MT in 2012 same period .
Compared with the main agricultural commodities listed above , manufactured goods saw a reduction in volume and value ” modest ” than . Tea export volume in December was estimated at 10 thousand tons with a value of $ 16 million , bringing its total tea exports in 2013 was estimated at 138 thousand tons with a value of USD 222 million . Compared with 2012, tea exports in 2013 fell by 6.3 % in volume and 1.3 % in value .
The average export price of tea first 11 months of 2013 reached $ 1,617.9 / ton , up 5.9 % compared to the average price of $ 1,526.8 / ton in 2012 .
Cashew nuts have become bright spots in this year’s agricultural exports to increase in both volume and value of exports . Cashew export volume in December was estimated at 18 thousand tons with a value of $ 110 million , bringing total exports in 2013 reached 257 thousand tons with a value of USD 1.63 billion , an increase of 15.8 % in volume and 9 and 7 % in value compared with 2012.
However, the average export price of the goods that continue to fall in 2013. The average export price 11 months reached $ 6,288.4 / ton , down 5.86 % compared with the same period the average price in 2012 ( $ 6,680.3 / ton).
Pepper is also another bright spot when the volume and value of exports of goods increased in this same year. Pepper export volume in December was estimated at 5 tons , valued at $ 45 million , bringing total export volume in 2013 to 133 thousand tons with a value of USD 901 million , an increase of 14.1 % in volume and 13 , 6 % in value compared with the same period in 2012.
The average export price target first 11 months of 2013 reached $ 6,681.2 / ton , down 1.63 % compared to the same period in 2012.